The Polity IV Country Report 2010 Series
POLITY IV TABLE (Top Section):
1) Comparison of Polity IV Scores 2009/2010: Each Polity IV Country Report begins with a table that summarizes the regime’s Polity IV composite index scores for the listed year and the year previous (changes in Polity IV indices (POLITY, DEMOC, and AUTOC) are also noted); years of duration for the current regime; and an indication of whether the coded scores are tentative or not so.
2) Polity IV Trend Graph, 1946-2010: The Polity IV Country Reports contain a graphic in the upper right hand corner that tracks the country’s annual Polity scores from 1946 to present with a referent grid denoting vertical thresholds for Democracy (+6 and above) and Autocracy (-6 and below) and a horizontal line indicating the end of the Cold War (1991). The trend graph includes information on special Polity conditions, including periods of factionalism (POLCOMP = 6 or 7; Polity trend line denoted in RED), interruption (POLITY = -66; Polity trend denoted with dashed purple line), interregnum (POLITY = -77; Polity trend denoted with dashed black line), and transition (POLITY = -88; Polity trend denoted with dashed green line) and special Polity change events, including autocratic backsliding (i.e., a five-point or greater change toward more autocratic authority that forcibly replaces an established regime, denoted with an X), executive auto-coups or autogolpe (i.e., a five-point or greater change in regime authority initiated by a ruling executive, denoted by an A), revolutionary change (i.e., a forcible ouster of an established regime and its wholesale replacement by a radically different regime authority and ruling elite, denoted by an R), state failure (i.e., the total or near-total collapse of central authority affecting more than fifty percent of state territory, denoted by a S), and coup d'etat (i.e., a military or military-backed forcible ouster of an established executive with little or no change in regime authority).
Polity IV Trend Graph Summary:
Special Polity IV regime conditions are denoted by dashed lines:
IV change events are marked with capital letters at the (initial) point of change
in the Polity Trend Graph:
Direct Foreign Military Regime Change Intervention is denoted by a BOLD ORANGE CARET at the point of intervention along with an abbreviated designation of the intervening state(s) or international organization(s)
3) Polity IV Coded Information: The line following the index and graph summations record the country’s alpha and numeric codes and the date of the report. Following that information are reported the values recorded for the target year (2010) on the six Polity IV Component variables (refer to the Polity IV Users’ Manual for a full explanation of the variables and values). The next row lists the dates of the most recent polity transition of three or more points on the POLITY index scale (this is the date of polity change from which the durability, DURABLE, of the regime is measured in years). The End Date refers to the date when the previous polity regime ended and the Begin Date lists the date of the beginning of the current regime.
4) Polity IV Fragmentation: Fragmentation indicates whether there is a substantial portion of the country that does not operate conventionally within the political arena of the current polity regime and does not recognize the authority of that regime (i.e., a de facto separate polity); it also identifies the territory considered to be a polity fragment and, thus, not considered in assigning the Polity IV coded scores.
5) Branches of Government:
The remainder of the table identifies, in summary form, the current political
institutions that comprise the polity: Constitution, Executive(s), Legislature,
POLITY IV NARRATIVE (Bottom Section):
Following the POLITY IV TABLE are
brief explanations of the decisions made in assigning Polity IV codes for the
current regime. These narrative accounts are broken down according to the three
Polity IV Concept qualities: Executive Recruitment, Executive Constraints, and
Political Competition. Please refer to the Polity IV Users’ Manual for more
information on codes and coding procedures.